Another festival celebrated by Hindus after Govardhan Puja (on the last day of the five-day-long Diwali) is Bhai Dooj or Bhau-Beej or Bhai Tika. This festival occurs on the 2nd day of bright fortnight or Shukla Paksha of the Hindu lunar month of Kartika in Bikram Sambat.
On this day, the sisters pray for the happy, long and prosperous life for their brother which is done by executing the Tika ceremony. Also, the sisters invite their brothers for a splendid meal which often includes their favorite sweets or dishes. The complete ceremony represents the duty of a brother towards protecting his sister and sister’s blessings for her brother.
Moving ahead in the traditional style, aarti is performed by sisters for their brothers and then a red tika is applied on the forehead of a brother. The significance of this tika implies to the sister’s honest praises for the great and comfortable life of her brother. In return, sisters are blessed by their brothers and then further treated with gifts or cash.
As per the customs in some states like Maharashtra and Haryana, those females who do not have the brother, worship the god of the moon. As part of the tradition, Mehendi is applied on girls. For those sisters whose brothers cannot make it on this day or live far way, sends their real praises for the healthy and happy life for their brother by the moon god. Such sisters perform aarti to the moon. This is the cause why children born from Hindu parents call the moon as “Chandamama”.